Install MLAir

MLAir is based on several python frameworks. To work properly, you have to install all packages from the requirements.txt file. Additionally to support the geographical plotting part it is required to install geo packages built for your operating system. Unfortunately, the names of these package may differ for different systems. In this instruction, we try to address users of different operating systems namely openSUSE Leap, Ubuntu and macOS. If the installation is still not working, we recommend skipping the geographical plot. We have put together a small workaround here. For special instructions to install MLAir on the Juelich HPC systems, see section Installation on Jülich HPC systems.


  • Make sure to have the python3.6 version installed.

  • (geo) A c++ compiler is required for the installation of the program cartopy

  • (geo) Install proj and GEOS on your machine using the console.

  • Install the python3.6 develop libraries.

Installation of MLAir

  • Install all requirements from requirements.txt preferably in a virtual environment

  • Either clone MLAir from the gitlab repository

  • or download the distribution file (current version) and install it via pip install <dist_file>.whl. In this case, you can simply import MLAir in any python script inside your virtual environment using import mlair.

  • (tf) Currently, TensorFlow-1.13 is mentioned in the requirements. We already tested the TensorFlow-1.15 version and couldn’t find any compatibility errors. Please note, that tf-1.13 and 1.15 have two distinct branches each, the default branch for CPU support, and the “-gpu” branch for GPU support. If the GPU version is installed, MLAir will make use of the GPU device.

Special Instructions for Installation

openSUSE Leap 15.1

  • c++ compiler

sudo zypper install gcc-c++

  • geo packages

sudo zypper install proj geos-devel

  • depending on the pre-installed packages it could be required to install further packages

sudo zypper install libproj-devel binutils gdal-devel graphviz graphviz-gnome

  • python develop libraries

sudo zypper install python3-devel

Ubuntu 20.04.1

  • c++ compiler

sudo apt install build-essential

  • geo packages

sudo apt install proj-bin libgeos-dev libproj-dev

  • depending on the pre-installed packages it could be required to install further packages

sudo apt install graphviz libgeos++-dev

  • python develop libraries

sudo apt install python3.6-dev

macOS & windows

The installation on macOS is not tested yet. The following commands are possibly needed:

brew install geos

sudo port install graphviz

The installation on Windows is not tested yet.

Installation on Jülich HPC systems

Please note, that the HPC setup is customised for JUWELS and HDFML. When using another HPC system, you can use the HPC setup files as a skeleton and customise it to your needs.

The following instruction guide you through the installation on JUWELS and HDFML.

  • Clone the repo to HPC system (we recommend to place it in /p/projects/<project name>).

  • Setup venv by executing source This script loads all pre-installed modules and creates a venv for all other packages. Furthermore, it creates slurm/batch scripts to execute code on compute nodes. You have to enter the HPC project’s budget name (–account flag).

  • The default external data path on JUWELS and HDFML is set to /p/project/deepacf/intelliaq/<user>/DATA/toar_<sampling>.

  • To choose a different location open and add the following keyword argument to ExperimentSetup: data_path=<your>/<custom>/<path>.

  • Execute python on a login node to download example data. The program will throw an OSerror after downloading.

  • Execute either sbatch run_juwels_develgpus.bash or sbatch run_hdfml_batch.bash to verify that the setup went well.

  • Currently cartopy is not working on our HPC system, therefore PlotStations does not create any output.

Note: The method PartitionCheck currently only checks if the hostname starts with ju or hdfmll. Therefore, it might be necessary to adopt the if statement in PartitionCheck._run.

Workaround to skip geographical plot

If it is not possible to install all required geo libraries on your system, a good compromise is to skip the creation of the geographical plot. Therefore, it is required to remove the plot from the plot_list manually. We recommend to use this code snippet as a starting point.

from mlair.helpers import remove_items
from mlair.configuration.defaults import DEFAULT_PLOT_LIST, "PlotStationMap"))